Relationship between media multitasking and self-esteem among Chinese adolescents: Mediating roles of peer influence and family functioning

Jiutong LUO, Pui-sze YEUNG, Hui LI

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Media multitasking has been found to have a negative relationship with young people’s psychological well-being. However, its relationship with self-esteem has only been examined among adults, and the mechanism underlying its association with adolescents’ well-being has been unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between media multitasking and self-esteem and explore the effects of peer influence and family functioning as potential mediators of this association. 

Methods: A sample of 725 Chinese adolescents (55.6% girls; Mage = 14.71, SD = 1.41) completed a paper-based survey, which included questions on demographics, media multitasking, peer influence, family functioning, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling and multi-group analyses were performed on the collected data. 

Results: Media multitasking (MM) showed a negative association with self-esteem (SE) (r = −0.17, p < 0.001); however, peer influence (PI) and family functioning (FF) entirely mediated this relationship, i.e., MM→FF→SE (β = −0.059, p < 0.05) and MM→PI→FF→SE (β = −0.025, p < 0.01). In addition, significant differences were found in specific mediation pathways among gender and age groups. 

Conclusions: Overall, these findings have important implications for understanding the relationship between media multitasking and self-esteem among adolescents, as well as the age and gender differences. Copyright © 2019 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1391-1401
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Volume29
Early online dateOct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Citation

Luo, J., Yeung, P.-S., & Li, H. (2020). Relationship between media multitasking and self-esteem among Chinese adolescents: Mediating roles of peer influence and family functioning. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 29, 1391-1401. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01613-3

Keywords

  • Media multitasking
  • Self-esteem
  • Peer influence
  • Family functioning
  • Mediating role
  • Adolescents

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