Randomized nonlinear one-class support vector machines with bounded loss function to detect of outliers for large scale IoT data

Imran RAZZAK, Khurram ZAFAR, Muhammad IMRAN, Guandong XU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exponential growth of large scale data industrial internet of things is evident due to the enormous deployment of IoT data acquisition devices. Detection of unusual patterns from large scale IoT data is important though challenging task. Recently, one-class support vector machines is extensively being used for anomaly detection. It tries to find an optimal hyperplane in high dimensional data that best separates the data from anomalies with maximum margin. However, the hinge loss of traditional one-class support vector machines is unbounded, which results in larger loss caused by outliers affecting its performance for anomaly detection. Furthermore, existing methods are computationally complex for larger data. In this paper, we present novel anomaly detection for large scale data by using randomized nonlinear features in support vector machines with bounded loss function rather than finding optimized support vectors with unbounded loss function. Extensive experimental evaluation on ten benchmark datasets shows the robustness of the proposed approach against outliers such as 0.8239, 0.7921, 0.7501, 0.6711, 0.6692, 0.4789, 0.6462, 0.6812, 0.7271 and 0.7873 accuracy for Gas Sensor Array, Human Activity Recognition, Parkinson's, Hepatitis, Breast Cancer, Blood Transfusion, Heart, ILPD and Wholesale Customers datasets respectively. In addition to this, introduction of randomized nonlinear feature helps to considerably decrease the computational complexity and space complexity from O(N³) to O(Bkn) and O(N) to O(Bkn). Thus, very attractive for larger datasets. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-723
JournalFuture Generation Computer Systems
Volume112
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Citation

Razzak, I., Zafar, K., Imran, M., & Xu, G. (2020). Randomized nonlinear one-class support vector machines with bounded loss function to detect of outliers for large scale IoT data. Future Generation Computer Systems, 112, 715-723. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2020.05.045

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