Questing for entrepreneurship and innovation for enhancing global competitiveness in Hong Kong: Academic reflections

Ka Ho Joshua MOK

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

Abstract

In view of uncertain times, Hong Kong, aspiring to continue as an international world city in Asia, has confronted increasing economic, social, and political challenges since it became the special administrative region of China in 1997. In the 2014–2015 budget, the financial secretary of the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (the Hong Kong government, hereafter) made a remark that Hong Kong has reached a critical juncture and thus people in the city-state should work together to prepare for the future, to strengthen further the solid foundation relied upon, “four traditional economic pillars”—financial services, trade and logistics, tourism, and professional and other service industries. Yet these industries are facing ever-mounting challenges from regional competitors such as Shenzhen, Shanghai, and Singapore in recent years. Its strive for becoming a knowledge economy has become even more acute after the 1997 handover and the Asian financial crisis in 1997–1998, when sustain-ability of Hong Kong’s finance-centered economy was questioned. Being too heavily dependent on finance and trade, the role of the government in promoting research and development (R&D) has been criticized for being insufficient to compete with other nearby countries. The Hong Kong government used to assume technological development to be a linear process and that innovation will spread from upstream scientific research by universities to downstream commercialization process by enterprises. Copyright © 2015 John N. Hawkins and Ka Ho Mok.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch, development, and innovation in Asia pacific higher education
EditorsJohn N. HAWKINS, Ka Ho MOK
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Pages115-134
ISBN (Electronic)9781137457097
ISBN (Print)9781349498574
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Citation

Mok, K. H. (2015). Questing for entrepreneurship and innovation for enhancing global competitiveness in Hong Kong: Academic reflections. In J, N. Hawkins, K. H. Mok (Eds.), Research, development, and innovation in Asia pacific higher education (pp. 115-134). New York, N.Y.: Palgrave Macmillan.

Keywords

  • Knowledge transfer
  • Pearl River Delta
  • Research grant council
  • Special Administrative Region
  • Science Park

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