Quality of life in old age: An investigation of well older persons in Hong Kong

Sheung-Tak CHENG, Alfred C. M. CHAN, David R. PHILLIPS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)


What might add quality to life during the last period of the life cycle? In study I, five focus groups of elderly participants representing different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds provided descriptions of quality of life (QOL) from their own perspectives. These descriptions formed the basis of a questionnaire that was administered to a representative, random sample of older persons in Hong Kong (N = 1,616) in study II. The study II sample was further randomly split into two. Exploratory factor analysis on sample A identified four factors: generativity, interpersonal (including intergenerational) relations, physical functioning, and material life. Results of confirmatory factor analysis on sample B showed that the 4-factor QOL model provided a good fit to the data, and that the constructs measured were identical (invariant) between older men and women and between the young-old and the old-old. In study III, the findings were disseminated back to an independent sample of older persons meeting in focus groups, who provided verbal confirmations to the model. The findings shed light on possible community psychology interventions to promote wellness in the elderly. Copyright © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-326
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004


Hong Kong
Quality of Life
Focus Groups
Statistical Factor Analysis
Intergenerational Relations
Life Cycle Stages


Cheng, S.-T., Chan, A. C. M., & Phillips, D. R. (2004). Quality of life in old age: An investigation of well older persons in Hong Kong. Journal of Community Psychology, 32(3), 309-326. doi: 10.1002/jcop.20003