Psychometric properties of the School Kindness Scale in Hong Kong, mainland China, and the Philippines

Jet Uy BUENCONSEJO, Olivia I. P. PIANPIANO, Jesus Alfonso Daep DATU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Studies have shown that the School Kindness Scale (SKS) has adequate psychometric properties in different societies such as Canada, Turkey, and the Philippines. However, there is scarce evidence on the psychometric validity of this scale across multiple societies and educational contexts. This study explores the cross-national invariance of the SKS among high school students in the Philippines, Hong Kong, and mainland China. Results showed that the modified unidimensional model of school kindness with correlated error terms on item number 2 and 3 had the most optimal fit. There was evidence supporting partial invariance of the modified unidimensional model of school kindness across setting and year level, and full invariance across gender. Whereas school kindness also demonstrated positive correlations with perceived academic performance in Hong Kong and mainland China, this construct was linked to higher emotional and social engagement in math in all contexts. Copyright © 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychology in the Schools
Early online date26 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Sep 2022

Citation

Buenconsejo, J. U., Pianpiano, O. I. P., & Datu, J. A. (2022). Psychometric properties of the School Kindness Scale in Hong Kong, mainland China, and the Philippines. Psychology in the Schools. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/pits.22793

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Emotional engagement
  • Perceived academic achievement
  • School kindness
  • Social engagement

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