Psychometric properties of the attitudes toward physical activity scale: A Rasch analysis based on data from five locations

Magdalena Mo Ching MOK, Ming Kai CHIN, Shihui CHEN, Arūnas EMELJANOVAS, Brigita MIEŽIENĖ, Michal BRONIKOWSKI, Ida LAUDANSKA-KRZEMINSKA, Ivana MILANOVIC, Milan PASIC, Govindasamy BALASEKARAN, Kia Wang PHUA, Daga MAKAZA

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Abstract

This article describes the development and validation of the Attitudes toward Physical Activity Scale (APAS) to measure the attitudes, beliefs, and self-efficacy toward physical activity by children at the primary school level. The framework included: physical fitness, self-efficacy, personal best goal orientation in physical activity, interest in physical activity, importance of physical activity, benefits of physical activity, contributions of video exercise to learning in school subjects, contributions of video exercise to learning about health and environmental support. The sample comprised of 630 school students between grades 1 and 7 from five countries, namely Lithuania (29%), Poland (26%), Serbia (19%), Singapore (16%) and Zimbabwe (11%). Rasch analysis found empirical evidence in support of measurement validity of the APAS in terms of Rasch item reliabilities, unidimensionality, effectiveness of response categories, and absence of gender differential item functioning (DIF). The validation of the APAS according to the Rasch model meant that a dependable tool was established for gauging programme effectiveness of intervention programs on physical activity of primary school children in classroom settings at various geographical locations globally. Copyright © 2015 Journal of Applied Measurement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-400
JournalJournal of Applied Measurement
Volume16
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Psychometrics
Exercise
Self Efficacy
Learning
Lithuania
Serbia
Zimbabwe
Physical Fitness
Environmental Health
Singapore
Program Evaluation
Poland
Students

Citation

Mok, M. M., Chin, M. K., Chen, S., Emeljanovas, A., Mieziene, B., Bronikowski, M., et al. (2015). Psychometric properties of the attitudes toward physical activity scale: A Rasch analysis based on data from five locations. Journal of applied measurement, 16(4), 379-400.