Psychometric properties and development of the Chinese versions of Gaming Disorder Test (GDT) and Gaming Disorder Scale for Adolescents (GADIS-A)

I.-Hua CHEN, Yen-Ling CHANG, Yung-Ning YANG, Ya-Chin YEH, Daniel Kwasi AHORSU, Samuel ADJORLOLO, Carol STRONG, Yi-Ping HSIEH, Po-Ching HUANG, Halley M. PONTES, Mark D. GRIFFITHS, Chung-Ying LIN

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Currently, six instruments have been developed using the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) criteria for Gaming Disorder (GD). Two of these are the Gaming Disorder Test (GDT) and Gaming Disorder Scale for Adolescents (GADIS-A). The present study validated both the GDT and GADIS-A among a large sample of Chinese emerging adults. Via an online survey, 3381 participants (56.6% females; mean age = 19.56 years) completed the Chinese versions of the GDT, GADIS-A, Internet Gaming Disorder-Short Form (IGDS9-SF), and Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS). Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the factor structure of the Chinese GDT and GADIS-A. Pearson correlations were computed to examine the convergent validity (with IGDS9-SF) and divergent validity (with BSMAS) of the Chinese GDT and Chinese GADIS-A. The GDT had a unidimensional structure, which was invariant across sex and disordered gaming severity subgroups. The GADIS-A had a two-factor structure, which was also invariant across gender and gaming severity subgroups. Both the GDT and GADIS-A had significant associations with both IGDS9-SF and with BSMAS. Both the Chinese GDT and GADIS-A are valid instruments to assess GD among emerging adults in mainland China, enabling healthcare providers to adopt these tools in their efforts to prevent and examine GD severity among Chinese youth. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103638
JournalAsian Journal of Psychiatry
Volume86
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Citation

Chen, I.-H., Chang, Y.-L., Yang, Y.-N., Yeh, Y.-C., Ahorsu, D. K., Adjorlolo, S., Strong, C., Hsieh, Y.-P., Huang, P.-C., Pontes, H. M., Griffiths, M. D., & Lin, C.-Y. (2023). Psychometric properties and development of the Chinese versions of Gaming Disorder Test (GDT) and Gaming Disorder Scale for Adolescents (GADIS-A). Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 86, Article 103638. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2023.103638

Keywords

  • Gaming Disorder Test
  • Gaming Disorder Scale for Adolescents
  • Gaming disorder
  • Gaming
  • Internet
  • Psychometrics
  • Emerging adults

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