Profiles of organizational culture and effective schools

Yin Cheong CHENG

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60 Citations (Scopus)


This study intends to investigate how school organizational culture is related to important organizational characteristics and observe how the profiles of strong culture-effective schools are different from those of weak culture-ineffective schools in terms of organizational variables (such as principal's leadership, organizational structure, and teachers' social interactions), teachers' job attitudes, and school effectiveness criteria. It is a cross-sectional survey research involving 54 randomly sampled Hong Kong secondary schools and 588 teachers. The unit of analysis is the school. 

Organizational ideology index was found to be substantially correlated with schools' perceived organizational effectiveness. Among the 10 measures of these organizational variables, teachers' esprit and principal's charismatic leadership can contribute substantially to the prediction of school's strength of organizational culture. The organizational profile of perceived strong culture-effective schools is contrastingly different from that of perceived weak culture-ineffective schools. The findings suggest that difference in organizational culture can be reflected at least in three overt levels: 1. organizational level in terms of principal's leadership behaviors, organizational formalization and participation, and teachers' social norms; 2. teachers' attitudinal level in terms of organizational commitment, social job satisfaction, intrinsic job satisfaction, and influence job satisfaction; and 3. school effectiveness level in terms of perceived overall organizational effectiveness and academic achievements in public examinations. 

The findings reinforce the importance of organizational culture to the ongoing effort and discussion of school improvement and school effectiveness. Copyright © 1993 Swets & Zeitlinger.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-110
JournalSchool Effectiveness and School Improvement
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1993


Cheng, Y. C. (1993). Profiles of organizational culture and effective schools. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 4(2), 85-110. doi: 10.1080/0924345930040201

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