To valorize disposed animal manure into flammable gases, pyrolysis of cattle manure (CM) was investigated in this study. To make this process more efficient and environmentally benign, CO₂, a greenhouse gas, was harnessed as a reactive gas. In CO₂-assisted pyrolysis of CM, enhanced CO production was observed, compared to pyrolysis from inert condition (N₂). The gas-phase reactions between CO₂ and gaseous biocrude produced from CM thermolysis led to improved CO formation. In reference to the case of lignocellulosic biomass (rice straw), 5 times more CO production was observed from CM pyrolysis under CO₂. For an in-depth study of CO₂ functionality as an oxidant, the effects of operational parameters on syngas formation were considered. The key parameter to activate the functionality of CO₂ was temperature. These results offer that CO₂ and CM could be considered promising reactants to produce value-added syngas in line with mitigation of pollutant emissions through a pyrolysis platform. Copyright © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
CitationJung, J.-M., Choi, D., Jung, S., Lin, K.-Y. A., Tsang, Y. F., & Kwon, E. E. (2021). Production of flammable gases from cattle manure via pyrolysis using CO₂ as an oxidant. International Journal of Energy Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/er.7622
- Carbon dioxide
- Lignocellulosic biomass