Principal instructional leadership: Chinese PIMRS development and validation

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Considered as the most noticeable leadership approach in improving teaching and learning capacities of schools, instructional leadership begins attracting another wave of research attention. However, empirical evidence on instructional leadership practice of Chinese samples is rare in both English and Chinese literature, leaving the question of how Chinese principals practice instructional leadership largely unanswered. The authors aimed to develop a Chinese version of the Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (PIMRS). This study consists of three phases. In phase 1, PIMRS was adapted based on Qian et al.’s (2017) recent work on instructional leadership practices in China, and then semistructured interviews with 15 primary school principals were conducted to verify the dimensionality and items of the adapted PIMRS. In phase 2, based on data collected from 159 principals and teachers, a Chinese PIMRS was validated and further modified. In phase 3, drawing on survey data collected from 1,100 principals and teachers, construct-level, item-level, and criterion-related validity of the final revised Chinese PIMRS was established. The results provide strong evidence that the adapted PIMRS can better represent Chinese principal instructional leadership. Copyright © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-358
JournalChinese Education and Society
Issue number5
Early online date15 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018


Wei, G., Lu, J., & Qian, H. (2018). Principal instructional leadership: Chinese PIMRS development and validation. Chinese Education & Society, 51(5), 337-358. doi: 10.1080/10611932.2018.1510688


  • Chinese PIMRS
  • Principal instructional leadership
  • Scale development and validation


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