Primary education

Chi Kin John LEE, Huan SONG

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters


The chapter provides a detailed account of primary education in China. It shows that the Chinese government’s enhanced financial investments and centralized curriculum reforms have improved the quality of provision and access to primary education significantly. However, disparity in terms of resources provision and teacher quality between schools in urban and rural areas remains a persistent cause for concern. Copyright © 2017 Edward Elgar Publishing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of education in China
EditorsW. John MORGAN, Qing GU, Fengliang LI
Place of PublicationCheltenham
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
ISBN (Electronic)9781783470662
ISBN (Print)9781783470655
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


Lee, J. C.-K., & Song, H. (2017). Primary education. In W. J. Morgan, Q. Gu, & F. Li (Eds.), Handbook of education in China (pp. 95-117). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.


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