Preventing occupational injury among police officers: Does motivation matter?

King Chung Derwin CHAN, D. WEBB, R. M. RYAN, T. C. W. TANG, S. X. YANG, N. NTOUMANIS, M. S. HAGGER

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Injury prevention is an important issue for police officers, but the effectiveness of prevention initiatives is dependent on officers' motivation toward, and adherence to, recommended health and safety guidelines.

Aims: To understand effects of police officers' motivation to prevent occupational injury on beliefs about safety and adherence to injury prevention behaviours.

Methods: Full-time police officers completed a survey comprising validated psychometric scales to assess autonomous, controlled and amotivated forms of motivation (Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire), behavioural adherence (Self-reported Treatment Adherence Scale) and beliefs (Safety Attitude Questionnaire) with respect to injury prevention behaviours.

Results: There were 207 participants; response rate was 87%. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses demonstrated that autonomous motivation was positively related to behavioural adherence, commitment to safety and prioritizing injury prevention. Controlled motivation was a positive predictor of safety communication barriers. Amotivation was positively associated with fatalism regarding injury prevention, safety violation and worry.

Conclusions: These findings are consistent with the tenets of self-determination theory in that autonomous motivation was a positive predictor of adaptive safety beliefs and adherence to injury prevention behaviours. Copyright © 2017 The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Occupational Medicine. 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-441
JournalOccupational Medicine
Issue number6
Early online dateJun 2017
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017



Chan, D. K. C., Webb, D., Ryan, R. M., Tang, T. C. W., Yang, S. X., Ntoumanis, N., & Hagger, M. S. (2017). Preventing occupational injury among police officers: Does motivation matter? Occupational Medicine, 67(6), 435-441. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqx076


  • Behavioural compliance
  • Health behaviour
  • Policing
  • Safety
  • Self-determined motivation
  • Self-regulation