Preliminary psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Chronic Pain Coping Inventory (ChCPCI) in a Hong Kong Chinese population

Wing Sze WONG, Mark P. JENSEN, Kan H. MAK, Barry K.H. TAM, Richard FIELDING

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The Chronic Pain Coping Inventory (CPCI) is a frequently used measure that assesses 8 categories of coping strategies that patients might use to cope with chronic pain. Despite its good psychometric properties and widespread use, the instrument has not been tested for its applicability and validity in non-Western populations, such as among Chinese. This study evaluated the reliability and validity of a Chinese translation of the 42-item CPCI (ChCPCI-42) in a sample of Chinese patients with chronic pain (n = 208). In addition to the ChCPCI-42, the patients were administered the Chronic Pain Grade (CPG) questionnaire, the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), the Centre for Epidemiological Studies–Depression Scale (CES-D), and questions assessing sociodemographic characteristics. Results of confirmatory factor analyses revealed that of the ChCPCI-42 8 scales, 6 demonstrated acceptable-to-good data-model fit (CFI ≥ 0.90) and 2 demonstrated medium fit (CFI ≥ 0.85). The 8 scales demonstrated adequate to good internal consistency (Cronbach α, 0.69 to 0.79) and correlated with CES-D, PCS, pain intensity, and disability in expected directions. Results of hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that the ChCPCI-42 scales predicted concurrent depression (F (8,177) = 3.07, P < .01) and pain disability (F (1, 179) = 4.35, P < .001) scores, the Task Persistence scale being the strongest unique predictor among the 8 scales. The findings support the factorial validity and reliability of a 42-item CPCI that can be used among Chinese patients with chronic pain.

Perspective: The report outlines the first validation of the CPCI for use in Hong Kong Chinese. This makes available a suitable instrument for chronic pain research in the Southern Chinese population and will help to elucidate similarities and differences in pain coping between Chinese and other ethnic groups. Copyright © 2010 American Pain Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)672-680
JournalThe Journal of Pain
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010



Wong, W. S., Jensen, M. P., Mak, K. H., Tam, B. K. H., & Fielding, R. (2010). Preliminary psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Chronic Pain Coping Inventory (ChCPCI) in a Hong Kong Chinese population. The Journal of Pain, 11(7), 672-680. doi: 10.1016/j.jpain.2009.10.008


  • Chronic pain
  • Coping strategies
  • Chinese
  • Confirmatory factor analysis