Positive youth development from a "3Cs" programming perspective: A multi-study investigation in the university

Siu Cheung KONG, Yiqing Pinko WANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Context: Positive youth programming development (PYPD) was conceptualized to measure various positive qualities of students in programming education.
Objective: This study aimed to develop a valid PYPD instrument in the pilot before exploring students' positive qualities in two follow-up studies.
Method: A multi-study design was adopted with questionnaires distributed among university students enrolled in programming courses. In pilot study, the PYPD instrument was developed and validated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Study 1 used independent T-tests to explore potential factors that were predictive of students' PYPD differences. Study 2 conducted paired T-tests to examine students' PYPD improvement.
Findings: Results supported validity of the PYPD instrument; provided evidence that intrinsic motivation is particularly crucial for PYPD differences; and showed positive improvement of students' PYPD.
Implications: Our findings shed light on existing literature that programming education can play an importantly role if educators want to nurture positive qualities in students. Copyright © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-356
JournalComputer Science Education
Volume29
Issue number4
Early online date03 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Citation

Kong, S.-C., & Wang, Y.-Q. (2019). Positive youth development from a "3Cs" programming perspective: A multi-study investigation in the university. Computer Science Education, 29(4), 335-356. doi: 10.1080/08993408.2019.1599646

Keywords

  • Multi-study design
  • Positive youth development
  • Positive youth programming development (PYPD)
  • Programming education

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