Positive teacher affect and maternal support facilitate adjustment after the transition to first grade

Noona KIURU, Brett LAURSEN, Kaisa AUNOLA, Xiao ZHANG, Marja-Kristiina LERKKANEN, Esko LESKINEN, Asko TOLVANEN, Jari-Erik NURMI

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This longitudinal study, conducted among a sample of Finnish primary-school children, examined the proposition that a single high-quality relationship (either with a teacher or a parent) can buffer against adjustment problems. Teachers rated the externalizing problems and prosocial behaviors of 378 children in Grade 1 and again in Grade 2. Relationship measures gathered in Grade 1 included teacher reports of positive affect for the child and mother reports of support for the child. The results supported our proposition by showing that for child adjustment after the transition to primary school it was critical to have at least one high-quality relationship either with a teacher or a parent. High positive teacher affect in Grade 1 buffered against adjustment problems for children with low maternal support, whereas high maternal support in Grade 1 buffered against adjustment problems for children with low positive teacher affect. In turn, children who received low support from both teachers and parents showed the poorest adjustment. Copyright © 2016 by Wayne State University Press, Detroit, MI 48201.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-178
JournalMerrill-Palmer Quarterly
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Social Adjustment
school grade
Mothers
teacher
parents
primary school
Child Behavior
schoolchild
Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
Buffers
Parents

Citation

Kiuru, N., Laursen, B., Aunola, K., Zhang, X., Lerkkanen, M.-K., Leskinen, E., et al. (2016). Positive teacher affect and maternal support facilitate adjustment after the transition to first grade. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 62(2), 158-178.

Keywords

  • Prosocial behavior
  • First grade (education)
  • School children
  • Mothers
  • Teachers
  • Encouragement