Popular support for the social security system in urban China: Evidence from a cross-sectional survey in a Chinese city

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Abstract

Because the legitimacy of welfare system ultimately depends on citizens’ support, it is vital to understand public welfare attitudes. By analysing primary data collected in Zhuhai City, this study examines Chinese people’s attitudes toward contributory social security programmes. The study’s bi-dimensional conception of welfare attitudes synthesises the dual roles that people play in social security and examines their respective attitudes. Self-interest and ideology models were both tested in the Chinese context. As ordinary citizens, people’s expectation for governmental responsibility in social security appears to be high. As contributors to the system, their willingness to pay premiums is also on the high side. Based on multivariate analysis, this study provides contextual explanations for the attitudinal patterns observed in Zhuhai and interprets the results in reference to the international literature. The article concludes with policy implications for China’s social security reforms. Copyright © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-279
JournalJournal of International and Comparative Social Policy
Volume35
Issue number3
Early online dateNov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Social Security
social security
China
Cross-Sectional Studies
welfare
evidence
citizen
Illegitimacy
dual role
willingness to pay
premium
multivariate analysis
legitimacy
ideology
Multivariate Analysis
reform
responsibility
Group

Citation

Li, Q., & He, A. J. (2019). Popular support for the social security system in urban China: Evidence from a cross-sectional survey in a Chinese city. Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy, 35(3), 261-279. doi: 10.1080/21699763.2018.1544090

Keywords

  • Welfare attitudes
  • Social security
  • Popular support
  • East Asia
  • China