Polycyclic musks in green-lipped mussels (Perna viridis) from Hong Kong

W. M. SHEK, M. B. MURPHY, Chung Wah James LAM, Paul K. S. LAM

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Six polycyclic musk compounds [Cashmeran (DPMI), Celestolide (ADBI), Phantolide (AHMI), Traseolide (ATII), Tonalide (AHTN), and Galaxolide (HHCB)] were analysed in marine green-lipped mussels (Perna viridis) from Hong Kong. ADBI, HHCB and AHTN were detected in almost all samples, while AHMI, ATII and DPMI were not detected. Concentrations of ADBI, HHCB and AHTN in mussels ranged from below detection limit–0.0743 (mean: 0.0246), 0.247–6.08 (mean: 1.15) and 0.0591–0.738 (mean: 0.190) mg/kg lipid weight, respectively. Mussels from two sampling sites in central Victoria Harbour contained the highest total polycyclic musk levels, suggesting that these waters are heavily influenced by domestic sewage. Concentrations of HHCB and AHTN detected in the mussel samples were the second highest and the highest levels, respectively, compared to global concentrations. A preliminary risk assessment indicated that HHCB and AHTN in mussels pose little or no threat to the health of shellfish consumers. Nevertheless, more comprehensive studies are required to further assess the ecological and human health risks associated with polycyclic musks. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-380
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Issue number6-12
Publication statusPublished - 2008


Shek, W. M., Murphy, M. B., Lam, J. C. W. & Lam, P. K. S. (2008). Polycyclic musks in green-lipped mussels (Perna viridis) from Hong Kong. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 57(6-12), 373-380. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.02.037


  • Biota
  • Green-lipped mussel
  • Hong Kong
  • Polycyclic musks
  • GC–MS
  • Human health risk assessment


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