Ninety-six urban surface dust samples collected from Guangzhou, a typical urban center in South China, were analyzed for 16 PAHs (2-6 rings). ∑PAHs concentrations in the urban surface dust ranged from 0.84 to 12.3 mu;g/g with a mean of 4.80μg/g. High molecular weight compounds (4-6 rings) contributed to 62 to 94% of ∑PAHs mass in the surface dust samples. Four hotspots with highest ∑PAHs were identified via kriging prediction mapping, representing the highly-urbanized regions: central downtown, highway and industrial area. Two major origins of PAHs inputs to urban surface dust were identified as vehicle emissions (51.9%) and coal combustion (26.8%). The 95% UCL of Incremental Lifetime Cancer Risk (ILCR) due to human exposure to urban surface dust PAHs in central South China was 3.03×10⁻⁶ for children and 2.92×10⁻⁶ for adults. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
CitationWang, W., Huang, M.-J., Kang, Y., Wang, H.-S., Leung, A. O. W., Cheung, K. C., & Wong, M. H. (2011). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban surface dust of Guangzhou, China: Status, sources and human health risk assessment. Science of The Total Environment, 409(21), 4519-4527. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.07.030
- Urban surface dust
- Health risk assessment
- Source analysis
- Composition profile