There are limited data concerning the placenta transfer characteristics and accumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in infants. However, PBDEs received increasing health concerns due to their endocrine disrupt and neurodevelopment toxicity effects. The present study assessed the accumulation of PBDEs in 30 paired placenta, breast milk, fetal cord blood, and neonatal urine samples collected from five major cities of the South China. The age of mothers ranged from 21 to 39 (mean 27.6 ± 4.56). The ∑ PBDE concentrations were 15.8 ± 9.88 ng gˉ ¹ lipid in placenta, 13.2 ± 7.64 ng gˉ ¹ lipid in breast milk, 16.5 ± 19.5 ng gˉ ¹ lipid in fetal cord blood, and 1.80 ± 1.99 ng mlˉ ¹ in neonatal urine. BDE-47 was the predominant congener in all types of human sample. Octa-BDEs such as BDE-196/-197 were detected highly in placenta and cord blood while moderately in breast milk and neonatal urine. Significant (p < 0.01) correlations were observed for both total and most individual PBDEs in cord blood–maternal placenta and breast milk–urine paired individual samples. The extent of placental transfer of higher brominated BDEs such as BDE-196/-197 was greater than that of BDE-47. The estimated daily intake (EDI) analysis for breast-fed infants revealed that newborns in these areas were exposed to relatively high levels of PBDEs via breast milk. Our study not only provided systematic fundamental data for PBDE distribution but also revealed the placenta transfer characteristics of PBDE congeners in South China. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
CitationChen, Z.-J., Liu, H.-Y., Cheng, Z., Man, Y.B., Zhang, K.-S., Wei, W. et al. (2014). Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in human samples of mother–newborn pairs in South China and their placental transfer characteristics, Environment International, 73, 77-84.
- Human tissues
- Paired samples
- Body accumulation