Policy, poverty, and student achievement: An exploration of the impact of state policies

Nicola A. ALEXANDER, Sung Tae JANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article explores the associations between the achievement of economically disadvantaged students and the presence of state policies that include student achievement in teacher evaluations. We looked at student achievement across all 50 states from 2007 through 2013. A simple comparison of states with and without the policy suggested that economically disadvantaged students had similar or slightly lower reading and lower math achievement in those states with the policy than in states without it. Once state context was considered, we found that states that included student achievement in teacher assessment policies had slightly higher reading achievement among economically disadvantaged students than they would have had otherwise. We found no similar impact on math achievement. This policy did not reduce the gaps in achievement between economically disadvantaged students and their more affluent peers. Combined, these findings indicate that including student achievement in teacher assessment models did not eliminate poverty-induced educational disparities in the system. Copyright © 2018 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
JournalEducational Policy
Early online dateSep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Sep 2018

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poverty
student
educational poverty
teacher
evaluation

Citation

Alexander, N. A., & Jang, S. T. (2018). Policy, poverty, and student achievement: An exploration of the impact of state policies. Educational Policy. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0895904818802114

Keywords

  • Achievement
  • Educational policy
  • Equity
  • State policies
  • Poverty
  • Accountability