Play in Asian preschools? Mapping a landscape of hindering factors

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This article investigates the variety of factors that hinder the implementation of play (as defined by western scholars) in Asian preschools. Drawing on the theoretical frameworks of policy borrowing, enactment and glocalisation, we analyse three jurisdictions that illustrate distinctive problematics: India, Mainland China and Hong Kong. The methodology involves a bibliographic review. Each jurisdiction is presented as a narrative portrait, including key sociocultural characteristics, features of early childhood education system, role of play in government policies, and teachers’ beliefs and practices pertaining to play. The findings show that the distinctive factors hindering play relate to societal mindsets in India, a lack of curriculum clarity in China, and structural factors and parental pressures in Hong Kong. Common hurdles include a high societal emphasis on academic learning, lack of information on how play should contribute to achieve curriculum outcomes, and insufficient teacher preparation. The authors show that play is neither adequately defined nor justified in some Asian policy frameworks, and argue that play might not be viable in certain preschools (especially in half-day programmes). An alternative glocal notion is proposed – child-led activities – which would be less conceptually problematic and more culturally appropriate. The study highlights the need for the glocalisation of Asian early childhood education systems. Copyright © 2021 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-327
JournalContemporary Issues in Early Childhood
Issue number4
Early online date13 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2021


Bautista, A., Yu, J., Lee, K., & Sun, J. (2021). Play in Asian preschools? Mapping a landscape of hindering factors. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 22(4), 312-327. doi: 10.1177/14639491211058035


  • Asia
  • Curriculum implementation
  • Early childhood education
  • Glocalisation
  • Play
  • Policy borrowing


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