In 2018 the OECD published the findings of its PISA for Development (PISA-D) pilot project which was undertaken to make the regular PISA framework more accessible and relevant to low- and middle-income nations. This would encourage such nations to join PISA as part of the OECD’s Learning Framework 2030 and provide them with ‘contextualised’ policy recommendations. In 2019 the OECD declared the project a success. We analyse and compare the PISA-D reports as well as its portrayal as a success. We suggest that, whilst PISA-D clearly made technical adjustments relating to the longstanding challenges which face low-income nations engaging in comparative assessments it replicates rather than addresses those challenges. Drawing on literature on organisational legitimacy and the politics of expertise, we interpret the PISA-D pilot as a political strategy primarily deployed to legitimate and extend rather than evaluate the project. Copyright © 2020 British Association for International and Comparative Education.
CitationAuld, E., Li, X., & Morris, P. (2020). Piloting PISA for development to success: An analysis of its findings, framework and recommendations. Compare. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/03057925.2020.1852914
- OECD Learning Framework 2030
- Sustainable Development Goals
- Low- and middle-income countries
- Organisational legitimacy