Physiological mechanism of plant roots exposed to cadmium

Y. X. CHEN, Y. F. HE, Y. M. LUO, Y. L. YU, Q. LIN, Ming Hung WONG

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Abstract

Physiological experiments on plant roots exposed to cadmium were conducted on carrot and radish using a liquid culture and a pot experiment with a series of cadmium applications. Activities of four enzymes (catalase, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, superoxide dismutase), and concentrations of free proline and malonaldehyde in the roots of both plants were investigated. Results showed that the germination rate and growth of roots of both plants were inhibited at the concentration of 20 mg Cd/l, and the inhibition was increased with the increasing concentrations of cadmium, both in the liquid culture and in the pot experiment; activities of the four enzymes declined similarly in both species. The concentration of proline in roots reached the maximum when the application of cadmium was at the level of 20 mg/l in the liquid culture (or 20 mg/kg in soil), and then it declined slowly with the increasing concentration of cadmium. However, the reverse trend was observed for the concentration of malonaldehyde. All of bio-indicators measured here was quite sensitive to the addition of cadmium. Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-793
JournalChemosphere
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003

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Plant Roots
Cadmium
cadmium
Malondialdehyde
Proline
liquid
Liquids
Enzymes
enzyme
Catechol Oxidase
Raphanus
Daucus carota
experiment
Experiments
Germination
bioindicator
Catalase
Peroxidase
Superoxide Dismutase
germination

Citation

Chen, Y. X., He, Y. F., Luo, Y. M., Yu, Y. L., Lin, Q., & Wong, M. H. (2003). Physiological mechanism of plant roots exposed to cadmium. Chemosphere, 50(6), 789-793. doi: 10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00220-5

Keywords

  • Cadmium
  • Plant roots
  • Physiological mechanism
  • Enzyme activities