Physical activity and mental toughness as antecedents of academic burnout among school students: A latent profile approach

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Abstract

Background: The purpose of the current survey-based study was to identify patterns of academic burnout and their antecedents among secondary school students. Methods: Secondary school students (n = 1209) completed a survey measuring academic burnout, physical activity, and mental toughness. Results: Using latent profile analyses, three burnout profiles were identified: a “moderately engaged group” (n = 699; 57.8%), a “burnout group” (n = 389; 32.2%), and a “well-functioning group” (n = 121; 10.0%). Group comparisons revealed that the “well-functioning group” reported significantly higher levels of physical activity and mental toughness than the other two groups. Conclusions: These findings suggest that lack of physical activity and mental toughness are potential risk factors for academic burnout. These findings may inform the development of intervention programs for academic burnout. Copyright © 2019 by the authors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2024
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06 Jun 2019

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Citation

Cheung, P., & Li, C. (2019). Physical activity and mental toughness as antecedents of academic burnout among school students: A latent profile approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(11). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16112024

Keywords

  • School burnout
  • Mental toughness
  • Physical activity
  • Adolescence
  • Person-oriented approach