Perspectives on the cultural appropriacy of Hong Kong's target-oriented curriculum (TOC) initiative

David Robert CARLESS

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The management of change has long been recognised to be a complex and challenging process. The literaturehas revealed few success stories and many examples of curriculum innovations being adopted half-heartedly or not at all. Set against the increasing world globalisation of which education is a part, the cultural aspects of innovations are being increasinglydiscussedin recent years. This paper focuses on the cultural dimensions of a major curriculum reform in Hong Kong, the Target-Oriented Curriculum (TOC) initiative. The main principles of TOC and its early implementation are discussed. A number of the main features of TOC are analysed with particular reference to their cultural appropriateness for the Hong Kong context. The thesis underlying the paper is that cultural issues need to be more carefully considered in the policy and adoption stages of the innovation process. In English Language teaching, itmay be necessary to reflect more deeply on the suitability of the export of Western-based learner-centred,communicative or task-basedapproaches to other milieux where such approaches may not be commensurate with the local cultural context. Copyright © 1999 Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-254
JournalLanguage, Culture and Curriculum
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999

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Hong Kong
curriculum
innovation
English language
Curriculum
globalization
reform
Innovation
Teaching
management
education
Group

Citation

Carless, D. R. (1999). Perspectives on the cultural appropriacy of Hong Kong's target-oriented curriculum (TOC) initiative. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 12(3), 238-254.