Perfectionism, self-compassion and test-related hope in Chinese primary school students

Wai Tsz Ricci FONG, Yuyang CAI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Perfectionism is multidimensional and includes perfectionistic striving (ceaseless pursuit of very high performance standards) and perfectionistic concerns (excessive self-criticism over one’s inability to live up to unrealistically high expectations). Previous studies generally suggest that both perfectionistic striving and perfectionistic concerns are highly related to emotions; however, little research has been conducted on how perfectionism and its distinct components relate to key academic emotions such as hope towards one’s test performance. This study aimed to examine the relationship between perfectionism and test-related hope, and the mediating role of self-compassion. A sample of Chinese primary students (N = 1051) were recruited to complete measures of perfectionism, self-compassion and test-related hope. Structural equation modeling showed that perfectionistic striving was associated with higher test-related hope, and perfectionistic concerns with lower test-related hope. Partial mediation effects of self-compassion on the relationship between dimensions of perfectionism and test-related hope were also found. The findings contribute to our understanding of how perfectionism is related to emotion constructs in competitive contexts. Implications pertaining to future directions in research and practice will be discussed. Copyright © 2019 De La Salle University.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-302
JournalThe Asia-Pacific Education Researcher
Issue number4
Early online date09 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


Fong, R. W., & Cai, Y. (2019). Perfectionism, self-compassion and test-related hope in Chinese primary school students. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 28(4), 293-302. doi: 10.1007/s40299-019-00466-0


  • Perfectionism
  • Self-compassion
  • Test-related hope
  • Academic emotion
  • Chinese students


Dive into the research topics of 'Perfectionism, self-compassion and test-related hope in Chinese primary school students'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.