Perceptual expertise: Can sensorimotor experience change holistic processing and left-side bias?

Ricky Van Yip TSO, Terry Kit-fong AU, Janet Hui-wen HSIAO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Holistic processing and left-side bias are both behavioral markers of expert face recognition. By contrast, expert recognition of characters in Chinese orthography involves left-side bias but reduced holistic processing, although faces and Chinese characters share many visual properties. Here, we examined whether this reduction in holistic processing of Chinese characters can be better explained by writing experience than by reading experience. Compared with Chinese nonreaders, Chinese readers who had limited writing experience showed increased holistic processing, whereas Chinese readers who could write characters fluently showed reduced holistic processing. This result suggests that writing and sensorimotor experience can modulate holistic-processing effects and that the reduced holistic processing observed in expert Chinese readers may depend mostly on writing experience. However, both expert writers and writers with limited experience showed similarly stronger left-side bias than novices did in processing mirror-symmetric Chinese characters; left-side bias may therefore be a robust expertise marker for object recognition that is uninfluenced by sensorimotor experience. Copyright © 2014 The Author(s).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1757-1767
JournalPsychological Science
Volume25
Issue number9
Early online date01 Aug 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

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Citation

Tso, R. V.-Y., Au, T. K.-F., & Hsiao, J. H.-W. (2014). Perceptual expertise: Can sensorimotor experience change holistic processing and left-side bias? Psychological Science, 25(9), 1757-1767. doi: 10.1177/0956797614541284

Keywords

  • Chinese-character recognition
  • Holistic processing
  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Left-side bias