Holistic processing and left-side bias are both behavioral markers of expert face recognition. By contrast, expert recognition of characters in Chinese orthography involves left-side bias but reduced holistic processing, although faces and Chinese characters share many visual properties. Here, we examined whether this reduction in holistic processing of Chinese characters can be better explained by writing experience than by reading experience. Compared with Chinese nonreaders, Chinese readers who had limited writing experience showed increased holistic processing, whereas Chinese readers who could write characters fluently showed reduced holistic processing. This result suggests that writing and sensorimotor experience can modulate holistic-processing effects and that the reduced holistic processing observed in expert Chinese readers may depend mostly on writing experience. However, both expert writers and writers with limited experience showed similarly stronger left-side bias than novices did in processing mirror-symmetric Chinese characters; left-side bias may therefore be a robust expertise marker for object recognition that is uninfluenced by sensorimotor experience. Copyright © 2014 The Author(s).
CitationTso, R. V.-Y., Au, T. K.-F., & Hsiao, J. H.-W. (2014). Perceptual expertise: Can sensorimotor experience change holistic processing and left-side bias? Psychological Science, 25(9), 1757-1767. doi: 10.1177/0956797614541284
- Chinese-character recognition
- Holistic processing
- Left-side bias