The present study examined the gender differences in the relationship between victimization and depression, as well as in the buffering effect of social support, in Hong Kong adolescents. Based on social role theory, we predicted (a) that victimization would be associated with higher depression in boys than in girls, and (b) that social support would have a stronger buffering effect in boys than in girls. Results showed that boys reported more victimizations than girls, and victimization was slightly more strongly associated with depressive symptoms in boys than in girls. Parental support had a direct effect on depression, but no buffering effect. A buffering effect was found for friend support, but only in boys; high support from friends was associated with fewer depressive symptoms at high levels of victimization. Copyright © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
CitationCheng, S.-T., Cheung, K. C. C., & Cheung, C.-K. (2008). Peer victimization and depression among Hong Kong adolescents. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64(6), 766-776. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20489
- Peer victimization
- Social support