Patient and family member factors influencing outcomes of poststroke inpatient rehabilitation

Yunhua FANG, Qian TAO, Xiaoxuan ZHOU, Shanjia CHEN, Jia HUANG, Yingping JIANG, Yi WU, Lidian CHEN, Jing TAO, Che Hin Chetwyn CHAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate how family members' attitudes toward functional regain, and patients' knowledge and intention of independence influence poststroke rehabilitation.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Three rehabilitation inpatient settings.

Participants: Younger (n=79) and older (n=84) poststroke patients, along with their family members (spouses, n=104; children, n=59).

Interventions: Not applicable.

Main Outcome Measures: Custom-designed questionnaires were used to tap into the patients' knowledge about rehabilitation (Patient's Rehabilitation Questionnaire–Knowledge About Rehabilitation) and intention of independence (Patient's Rehabilitation Questionnaire–Intention of Independence), and family members' attitudes toward patients in performing basic activities of daily living (BADL) (Family Member Attitudes Questionnaire–BADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (Family Member Attitudes Questionnaire–instrumental activities of daily living). The rehabilitation outcomes included gains in motor, cognitive, and emotional functions, and self-care independence, measured with common clinical instruments.

Results: The Family Member Attitudes Questionnaire–BADL predicted cognitive outcome and the Patient's Rehabilitation Questionnaire–Intention of Independence predicted motor outcome for both groups. Differential age-related effects were revealed for the Patient's Rehabilitation Questionnaire–Intention of Independence in predicting emotional outcome only for the younger group, and self-care independence only for the older group.

Conclusions: Patients' intention of independence positively affected motor recovery, while family members' positive attitudes promoted cognitive regain. The findings suggested plausible age-related differences in how patients' intentions affect emotion versus self-care independence outcomes. Future studies should explore strategies for promoting positive attitudes toward independence among patients and family members during poststroke rehabilitation. Copyright © 2016 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-255.e2
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume98
Issue number2
Early online dateJul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017

Citation

Fang, Y., Tao, Q., Zhou, X., Chen, S., Huang, J., Jiang, Y., . . . Chan, C. C. H. (2017). Patient and family member factors influencing outcomes of poststroke inpatient rehabilitation. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 98(2), 249-255.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2016.07.005

Keywords

  • Attitude
  • Family
  • Intention
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke

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