Parental expectation towards early childhood education in Hong Kong: A comparative study between Hong Kong and Pakistani parents

Yau Yu CHAN

Research output: Other contributionHonours Projects

Abstract

Parental expectation has profound impacts on children’s later achievements. The relationship between parental expectation and children’s academic achievement is robust across cultures. Pakistani is one of the ethnic minority groups in Hong Kong. There is an achievement gap between Hong Kong and Pakistani children. Therefore, this research aimed to study the role of culture in parental expectation towards early childhood education between Hong Kong (N = 214; age: Mage = 35.49 years, SD = 5.55) and Pakistani Hong Kong (N = 73; age: Mage = 34.69 years, SD = 5.19) parents employing the parental expectation scale. The scale measured parental expectation on collective life, self-control, moral development, cognition and language, sensitivity of body, living habits, and aesthetic development. The East Asian Acculturation Measure was also used to measure the degree of acculturation of Pakistani parents and to examine the associations between acculturation and parental expectation. Results of MANCOVA showed the main effect of culture on parental expectation was significant on collective life and moral development; the main effect of gender on parental expectation was significant on living habit. More importantly, their interaction effect was significant across all dimensions. Further independent t-tests found that parental expectation towards Pakistani boys was significantly higher than Hong Kong boys in all dimensions while parental expectation towards girls was not significant in all dimensions between Hong Kong and Pakistani parents. Moreover, results of regression analysis found that the acculturation strategy of integration was positively associated with parental expectation on collective life, cognition and language, and aesthetic development; marginalization was positively associated with parental expectation on collective life, self-control, and aesthetic development. This study can deepen the understanding of the role of culture in parental expectation towards early childhood education and the role of acculturation in parental expectation in ethnic minority groups in Hong Kong. The findings can also shed light on the improvement of early childhood services provided to both Hong Kong and Pakistani children.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Parental expectation
  • Early childhood education
  • Cross-cultural comparison
  • Hong Kong
  • Pakistan
  • Gender
  • Honours Project (HP)
  • Bachelor of Education (Honours) (Early Childhood Education) (Five-year Full-time)
  • Programme code: A5B061
  • Course code: ECE4061

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