Parental attachment among Chinese, Italian, and Costa Rican adolescents: A cross-cultural study

Jianbin LI, Elisa DELVECCHIO, Diana MICONI, Silvia SALCUNI, Daniela DI RISO

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Abstract

The present study investigated the cultural and gender differences in parental attachment and preferred attachment figure. The revised version of Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA-R) was administered to Chinese (N= 350), Italian (N= 352), and Costa Rican (N= 343) adolescents. The results indicated that: (1) the three-factor model of maternal and paternal attachment was optimal; (2) the factor structures of maternal and paternal attachment of IPPA-R were equivalent across countries; (3) Italian adolescents' maternal attachment was stronger than Costa Rican adolescents, who, in turn, scored greater than did Chinese adolescents; (4) boys scored higher on Communication of paternal attachment than did girls; and (5) Chinese adolescents were less attached to mother than to father. In conclusion, the current research confirms that parental attachment in adolescents is culturally different. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-123
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume71
Early online date23 Aug 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

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Citation

Li, J.-B., Delvecchio, E., Miconi, D., Salcuni, S., & Di Riso, D. (2014). Parental attachment among Chinese, Italian, and Costa Rican adolescents: A cross-cultural study. Personality and Individual Differences, 71, 118-123. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.07.036

Keywords

  • Parental attachment
  • Parent–child relationship
  • Adolescent