The present study investigated the cultural and gender differences in parental attachment and preferred attachment figure. The revised version of Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA-R) was administered to Chinese (N= 350), Italian (N= 352), and Costa Rican (N= 343) adolescents. The results indicated that: (1) the three-factor model of maternal and paternal attachment was optimal; (2) the factor structures of maternal and paternal attachment of IPPA-R were equivalent across countries; (3) Italian adolescents' maternal attachment was stronger than Costa Rican adolescents, who, in turn, scored greater than did Chinese adolescents; (4) boys scored higher on Communication of paternal attachment than did girls; and (5) Chinese adolescents were less attached to mother than to father. In conclusion, the current research confirms that parental attachment in adolescents is culturally different. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationLi, J.-B., Delvecchio, E., Miconi, D., Salcuni, S., & Di Riso, D. (2014). Parental attachment among Chinese, Italian, and Costa Rican adolescents: A cross-cultural study. Personality and Individual Differences, 71, 118-123. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.07.036
- Parental attachment
- Parent–child relationship