This study investigated the effects of dialogic parent-child reading in English on 51 Hong Kong kindergarteners learning English as a second language. Children were pre-tested on nonverbal IQ, reading interest and receptive vocabulary, word reading and phonological awareness in both Chinese and English. They were then assigned randomly to one of three conditions involving different levels of parent-child interactions: dialogic reading (DR), typical reading (TR) or control. Though inter-group comparisons showed nonsignificant interaction effects across time among the three groups, intra-group gains across the 12-week intervention suggested that parent-child reading could enhance English word reading skills, while dialogic reading could promote phonological awareness in both Chinese and English. These results highlight the potential benefits of English parent-child reading and dialogic reading on children learning English as a second language, and the possibility of linguistic transfer from parent-child reading in English as a second language to Chinese as a first language. Copyright © 2009 United Kingdom Literacy Association.