Oviposition behavior of scirpophaga incertulas, the yellow stemborer (Lepidoptera: crambidae) in a non-choice study

Yin Hui CHEOK, Freddy Kuok San YEO, Yee Ling CHONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Scirpophaga incertulas, or the yellow stemborer, is a dominant paddy pest in Asia and contributes to great yield loss in paddy cultivation. Breeding paddy varieties that are resistant to yellow stemborer is an eco-friendly alternative for managing this pest rather than using hazardous chemical insecticides. In this non-choice study, the oviposition behaviour of female yellow stemborers on three different local Sarawak paddy landraces was observed. The number and size of egg masses found on the three local paddy landraces, namely Bajong, Bubok, and Bario, were similar. In general, the yellow stemborers of this study preferred to oviposit on the leaves instead of stems. On leaves, the number of egg masses oviposited on the abaxial side and adaxial side of leaves was comparable. Based on this preliminary data, the three local paddy landraces may not be good candidates in a paddy breeding program that resists towards yellow stemborers. Copyright © 2019 Universiti Putra Malaysia Press.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167-1172
JournalPertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science
Volume42
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

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Scirpophaga incertulas
Crambidae
paddies
oviposition
Lepidoptera
landraces
egg masses
pests
leaves
breeding
Borneo
toxic substances
insecticides
stems

Citation

Cheok, Y. H., Yeo, F. K. S., & Chong, Y. L. (2019). Oviposition behavior of scirpophaga incertulas, the yellow stemborer (Lepidoptera: crambidae) in a non-choice study. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 42(3), 1167-1172.

Keywords

  • Antixenosis resistance
  • Egg mass position
  • Paddy plant
  • Yellow stemborer