Orthographic learning: A multilingual perspective

Daniel R. ESPINAS, Min WANG, Yixun LI

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters


This chapter discusses orthographic learning, i.e., how children learn the relation between their spoken language and writing system. The process is discussed for children learning to read and write in one language, as well as for multilingual children acquiring literacy in more than one language. In both cases, the developmental course is mapped from children's first insights into the form and function of their writing systems to the development of word-specific mental representations that code for multiple linguistic forms (i.e., sound, spelling, and meaning). The chapter concludes with instructional recommendations for supporting children's orthographic learning throughout development. Copyright © 2020 IGI Global.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of research on cultivating literacy in diverse and multilingual classrooms
EditorsGeorgios NEOKLEOUS, Anna KRULATZ, Raichle FARRELLY
Place of PublicationHershey, Pennsylvania
PublisherIGI Global
ISBN (Electronic)9781799827238
ISBN (Print)1799827224, 9781799827221
Publication statusPublished - 2020


Espinas, D. R., Wang, M., & Li, Y. (2020). Orthographic learning: A multilingual perspective. In G. Neokleous, A. Krulatz, & R. Farrelly (Eds.), Handbook of research on cultivating literacy in diverse and multilingual classrooms (pp. 82-106). Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Global.


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