Orderly-layered tetravalent manganese-doped strontium aluminate Sr₄Al₁₄O₂₅:Mn⁴⁺: An efficient red phosphor for warm white light emitting diodes

Mingying PENG, Xuewen YIN, Peter Anthony TANNER, Chuqi LIANG, Pengfei LI, Qinyuan ZHANG, Jianrong QIU

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148 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Orderly-layered tetravalent manganese-doped strontium aluminate Sr₄Al₁₄O₂₅:Mn⁴⁺: An efficient red phosphor for warm white light emitting diodes Searching for an efficient non rare earth-based oxide red phosphor, particularly excitable by light in the wavelength from 380 to 480 nm and unexcitable by green light, is essential for the development of warm white light emitting diodes (WLEDs). Here, we report a promising and orderly-layered candidate: Sr₄Al₁₄O₂₅:Mn⁴⁺ with CIE color coordinates (0.722, 0.278). It has higher luminescence efficiency particularly upon blue excitation and is much cheaper than the commercial red phosphor 3.5MgO•0.5MgF₂•GeO₂: Mn⁴⁺ (MMG: Mn⁴⁺). In sharp contrast to Eu²⁺-doped (oxy)nitrides, the phosphor can be synthesized by a standard solid-state reaction at 1200°C in air. The effects of flux boron content, environment, and preparation temperature, sintering dwelling time as well as Mn concentration have been systematically investigated for establishing the optimal synthesis conditions. The low temperature emission spectra reveal that there are at least three types of Mn⁴⁺ ions in Sr₄Al₁₄O₂₅:Mn⁴⁺ due to the substitution for the distorted octahedral Al³⁺ sites. The AlO₆ layers where Mn⁴⁺ prefers to reside are well separated from one another by AlO₄ tetrahedra in one dimension parallel to axis a. This scenario can efficiently isolate Mn⁴⁺ ions from local perturbations, thereby enabling the high efficiency of luminescence. The energy transfer rates and mechanism are discussed. Copyright © 2013 The American Ceramic Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2870-2876
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume96
Issue number9
Early online dateMay 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Citation

Peng, M., Yin, X., Tanner, P. A., Liang, C., Li, P., Zhang, Q., et al. (2013). Orderly-layered tetravalent manganese-doped strontium aluminate Sr₄Al₁₄O₂₅:Mn⁴⁺: An efficient red phosphor for warm white light emitting diodes. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 96(9), 2870-2876.

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