Oral language performance of deaf and hard-of-hearing students in mainstream schools

Tammy H. M. LAU, Kathy Y. S. LEE, Emily Y. C. LAM, Ho Suen Joffee LAM, Chris K. M. YIU, Gladys W. L. TANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In Hong Kong, students are expected to speak fluent Cantonese, Putonghua, and English. However, the curriculum does not include Cantonese studies, as children are expected to have already acquired Cantonese by the age of school entry. This study examined the language outcomes of Cantonese-speaking deaf or hard-of-hearing children who attend primary schools within the Hong Kong educational system and considered whether the system currently meets the needs of these children. The Hong Kong Cantonese Oral Language Assessment Scale, which comprises six subtests, was used to assess 98 children with mild to profound hearing loss. A regression analysis was used to examine the influences of various variables on oral language performance in these children. Notably, 41% of the participants had achieved age-appropriate oral language skills, while 18% and 41% exhibited mild-to-moderate or severe oral language impairment, respectively. The degree of hearing loss and the use of speech therapy were identified as significant negative predictors of oral language performance. The issues of a relatively late diagnosis and device fitting, as well as the very poor oral language outcomes, strongly emphasize the need for policy makers to reconsider the existing educational approaches and support for deaf or hard-of-hearing children. Copyright © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-458
JournalJournal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Issue number4
Early online dateApr 2019
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019


Lau, T. H. M., Lee, K. Y. S., Lam, E. Y. C., Lam, J. H. S., Yiu, C. K. M., & Tang, G. W. L. (2019). Oral language performance of deaf and hard-of-hearing students in mainstream schools. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 24(4), 448-458. doi: 10.1093/deafed/enz012


Dive into the research topics of 'Oral language performance of deaf and hard-of-hearing students in mainstream schools'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.