Open science in China: Openness, economy, freedom & innovation

Xiyuan ZHANG, Stefan REINDL, Hongjun TIAN, Minghan GOU, Ruijie SONG, Taoran ZHAO, Liz JACKSON, Petar JANDRIĆ

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Taking credit for digitalization and platformization, China has initiated its open science infrastructure implementation and made an effort to focus on open access (OA) journals and data sharing over the past two decades. With the continuous development need, issues and concerns have caught in attention, including data accessibility, research transparency, general population awareness and communication of science, public trust in science, and scientific research and innovation efficiency. This paper has unfolded the maze of open science stance in China and elaborated on its current economy, openness and freedom extents, and future innovation potential towards a global open science community, within depth and scope of both the Chinese and Western scholars’ interpretations. Copyright © 2022 Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-445
JournalEducational Philosophy and Theory
Issue number4
Early online date30 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2023


Zhang, X., Reindl, S., Tian, H., Gou, M., Song, R., Zhao, T., . . . Jandrić, P. (2023). Open science in China: Openness, economy, freedom & innovation. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 55(4), 432-445. doi: 10.1080/00131857.2022.2122440


  • Chinese open access (OA)
  • Platformization
  • Scientific research digitalization
  • Open science economy in China
  • Research freedom
  • Innovation and openness
  • Higher education collaboration
  • Go global


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