Occurrence, spatiotemporal distribution patterns, partitioning and risk assessments of multiple pesticide residues in typical estuarine water environments in eastern China

Wanting LI, Shuhan XIN, Wenjing DENG, Bingbing WANG, Xinxin LIU, Yin YUAN, Shiliang WANG

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The low terrain and the prosperous agriculture in the east of China, have caused the accumulation of pesticide residues in the estuaries. Therefore, this study analyzed the spatiotemporal distribution and partition tendency of 106 pesticides based on their abundance, frequencies, and concentrations in the aquatic environment of 16 river estuaries in 7 major basins in the eastern China by using solid-phase extraction (SPE) with high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC‒MS/MS) and gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC‒MS/MS). In addition, potential risk of multiple pesticides was also evaluated. The results showed that herbicides were the dominant pesticide type, while triazines were the predominate substance group of pesticide. In addition, triadimenol, vinclozolin, diethylatrazine, prometryn, thiamethoxam, atrazine, and metalachlor were the major pesticides in the water, while prometryn, metalachlor, and atrazine were the main pesticides in the sediment. The average total concentration of pesticide was 751.15 ng/L in the dry season, 651.17 ng/L in the wet season, and 617.37 ng/L in the normal season, respectively. The estuaries of the Huai River Basin, the Yangtze River Basin, the Hai River Basin, and the Yellow River Basin have been affected by the low pollution treatment efficiency, weak infrastructure, and agricultural/non-agricultural activities in eastern China, resulting in relatively serious pesticide pollution. The estuaries of Huaihe River, Yangtze River, Xiaoqing River, and Luanhe River had large pesticide abundance and comparatively severe pesticide pollution, while the estuaries of Tuhai River and Haihe River had heavy pesticide contamination in the sediment, which might be induced by historical sedimentary factors. The log Koc values showed that except for thioketone, other pesticides were relatively stable due to the adsorption by sediment. The ecological risk assessment results indicated that insecticides had a high risk. Teenagers were the most severely affected by the noncarcinogenic risk of pesticides, while adults were mostly affected by the carcinogenic risk of pesticides. Therefore, pesticide hazards in the water environment of estuaries in eastern China needs to be further close supervision. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120570
JournalWater Research
Volume245
Early online dateSept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Citation

Li, W., Xin, S., Deng, W., Wang, B., Liu, X., Yuan, Y., & Wang, S. (2023). Occurrence, spatiotemporal distribution patterns, partitioning and risk assessments of multiple pesticide residues in typical estuarine water environments in eastern China. Water Research, 245, Article 120570. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2023.120570

Keywords

  • Multiple pesticide residues
  • Aqueous phase
  • Sedimentary phase
  • Partitioning
  • Risk assessment
  • Estuaries

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