Non-ignorable missingness item response theory models for choice effects in examinee-selected items

Chen Wei LIU, Wen Chung WANG

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Examinee-selected item (ESI) design, in which examinees are required to respond to a fixed number of items in a given set, always yields incomplete data (i.e., when only the selected items are answered, data are missing for the others) that are likely non-ignorable in likelihood inference. Standard item response theory (IRT) models become infeasible when ESI data are missing not at random (MNAR). To solve this problem, the authors propose a two-dimensional IRT model that posits one unidimensional IRT model for observed data and another for nominal selection patterns. The two latent variables are assumed to follow a bivariate normal distribution. In this study, the mirt freeware package was adopted to estimate parameters. The authors conduct an experiment to demonstrate that ESI data are often non-ignorable and to determine how to apply the new model to the data collected. Two follow-up simulation studies are conducted to assess the parameter recovery of the new model and the consequences for parameter estimation of ignoring MNAR data. The results of the two simulation studies indicate good parameter recovery of the new model and poor parameter recovery when non-ignorable missing data were mistakenly treated as ignorable. Copyright © 2017 The British Psychological Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-524
JournalBritish Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
Volume70
Issue number3
Early online dateApr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

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Citation

Liu, C.-W., & Wang, W.-C. (2017). Non-ignorable missingness item response theory models for choice effects in examinee-selected items. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 70(3), 499-524.