Myopia prevention, near work, and visual acuity of college students: Integrating the theory of planned behavior and self-determination theory

King Chung Derwin CHAN, Ying-Ki FUNG, Suxuan XING, Martin S. HAGGER

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There has been little research examining the psychological antecedents of safety-oriented behavior aimed at reducing myopia risk. This study utilizes self-determination theory (SDT) and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to understand the role of motivational and social-cognitive factors on individuals' near-work behavior. Adopting a prospective design, undergraduate students (n = 107) completed an initial questionnaire based on SDT in week 1, a second questionnaire containing measures of TPB variables in week 2, and objective measures of reading distance and visual acuity in week 6. The data were analyzed by variance-based structural equation modeling. The results showed that perceived autonomy support and autonomous motivation from SDT significantly predicted attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control from the TPB. These social-cognitive factors were significantly associated with intention and intention significantly predicted reading distance. The relationships in the model held when controlling for visual acuity. In conclusion, the integrated model of SDT and the TPB may help explain myopia-preventive behaviors. Copyright © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-380
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume37
Issue number3
Early online dateFeb 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014

Citation

Chan, D. K.-C., Fung, Y.-K., Xing, S., & Hagger, M. S. (2014). Myopia prevention, near work, and visual acuity of college students: Integrating the theory of planned behavior and self-determination theory. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37(3), 369-380. doi: 10.1007/s10865-013-9494-9

Keywords

  • Autonomy support
  • Motivation
  • Intention
  • Reading behavior
  • Nearsightedness

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Myopia prevention, near work, and visual acuity of college students: Integrating the theory of planned behavior and self-determination theory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.