Mussel-based monitoring of trace metal and organic contaminants along the east coast of China using Perna viridis and Mytilus edulis

C.N. FUNG, Chung Wah James LAM, G.J. ZHENG, D.W. CONNELL, I. MONIRITH, S. TANABE, B.J. RICHARDSON, P.K.S. LAM

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Abstract

Green lipped mussels, Perna viridis, and blue mussels, Mytilus edulis, were collected from seven locations along the east coast of China in September and October 2001. The mussel tissues were analyzed for metals (Ag, As, Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, Se, Zn, Cu, Fe and Hg), and trace organic contaminants including organochlorine compounds (OCs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs; based on 24 individual PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and petroleum hydrocarbons (PHCs). Maximum concentrations of Ag, As, Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, Se, Zn, Cu, Fe and Hg in the mussel tissues were 0.14, 26.76, 5.31, 15.72, 4.78, 2.93, 7.40, 231.0, 54.17, 1002 and 317.3 μg/g dry weight respectively. Levels of DDTs, PAHs, PCBs and PHCs in the mussel samples were 14–640, 456–3495, 1–13 ng/g and 621–2863 μg/g dry weight, respectively. Results of this study indicated that contaminant levels were, in general, higher or at least comparable to those reported in other local or regional studies. Mussel samples collected in Chongming Dao in Shanghai and Jiao Zhou Wan in Qingdao had significantly higher levels of metal and trace organic contaminants among the seven sampling stations. Examination of the contaminant profiles suggests that PHCs originated from petrogenic sources, while both petrogenic and pyrolytic sources were important for PAHs. The generally high levels of metals and organochlorine compounds are probably the result of increasingly intense industrial activities along the east coast of China. An assessment of potential risks to human health due to consumption of the mussels was undertaken for the metals, PCBs, DDTs and chlordanes, and the results indicated that all metals, except Ni, could pose a health risk to heavy seafood consumers, while Hg appears to be of concern even for low level consumers. Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-216
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume127
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

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Citation

Fung, C. N., Lam, J. C. W., Zheng, G. J., Connell, D. W., Monirith, I., Tanabe, S., . . . Lam, P. K. S. (2004). Mussel-based monitoring of trace metal and organic contaminants along the east coast of China using Perna viridis and Mytilus edulis. Environmental Pollution, 127(2), 203-216. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2003.08.007

Keywords

  • Mussel
  • Trace metals
  • Trace organic contaminants
  • Risk assessment
  • China