Multileveled citizenship education in Beijing: Liberation with limitation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

3 Citations (Scopus)


Educational policy-makers in many societies around the world have shown increased awareness of the need to broaden the scope of citizenship education policies and/or curricula to include global, national, local, and personal components, in order to help students understand international aff airs and develop a more global outlook, while still treasuring their own national and local heritages, institutions, and values (Cogan et al. 2002; Banks 2004b; Lee et al. 2004). In the European Union, for example, the need to help young people understand diverse and multiple identities is receiving increased attention from educational policy-makers and practitioners (Ross 2007a, 2007b). In Singapore, school subjects and activities cultivate national loyalty, patriotism, a sense of belonging, and a commitment to national development (Gopinathan 1988; Hill and Lian 1995; Green 1997) while also encouraging students to think and act globally and to develop a cosmopolitan identity (Singapore 21 Subject Committees 2001; Koh 2004; Ryan and Rossi 2006). Likewise, Hong Kong, since its 1997 return to the People’s Republic of China (PRC), has reformed its citizenship education curriculum to promote national and local identities, a global outlook, and transnational skills among its students (Ho et al. 2005; Lo 2005; Lee and Leung 2006). Copyright © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCitizenship education in China: preparing citizens for the "Chinese century"
EditorsKerry J. KENNEDY, Gregory P. FAIRBROTHER, Zhenzhou ZHAO
Place of PublicationNew York
ISBN (Electronic)9780203797129, 9781136022081
ISBN (Print)9780415502726
Publication statusPublished - 2014


Pan, S. (2014). Multileveled citizenship education in Beijing: Liberation with limitation. In K. J. Kennedy, G. P. Fairbrother, & Z. Zhao (Eds.), Citizenship education in China: preparing citizens for the "Chinese century" (pp. 128-143). New York: Routledge.


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