Morphological awareness longitudinally predicts counting ability in Chinese kindergarteners

Yingyi LIU, Dan LIN, Xiao ZHANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


This longitudinal study examined the extent to which morphological awareness in Chinese uniquely predicted counting ability in a Hong Kong sample. With age, nonverbal intelligence, visual–spatial skills, and phonological awareness being controlled, morphological awareness at the second year of kindergarten (K2) uniquely predicted children's abilities in counting sequence and counting forward at the third year of kindergarten (K3). Phonological awareness and visual–spatial skills at K2 explained unique variance in the ability of counting backward but not in the counting sequence or counting forward at K3. These findings contribute to our understanding of the association between metalinguistic skills and the development of numerical ability. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-221
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
Early online dateMar 2016
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016



Liu, Y., Lin, D., & Zhang, X. (2016). Morphological awareness longitudinally predicts counting ability in Chinese kindergarteners. Learning and Individual Differences, 47, 215-221.


  • Morphology
  • Phonology
  • Counting
  • Math
  • Language