Caridean shrimps constitute one of the most diverse groups of decapod crustaceans, nothwithstanding their poorley resolved infraoridnal relationships. One of the systematically controversial families in Caridea is the predominantly pelagic Pasiphaeidae, comprised off 101 species in seven genera. Pasiphaeidae species exhibit high morphological disparity, as well as ecological nice width, inhabiting shallow to very deep waters (> 4000 m). The present work presents the first molecular phylogeny of the family, based on a combined dataset of six mitochondrial and nuclear gene markers (12S rDNA, 16S rDNA, histone 3, sodium–potassium ATPase α-subunit, enolase and ATP synthase β-subunit) from 33 species belonged to six genera of Pasiphaeidae with 19 species from 12 other caridean families as outgroup taxa. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference analyses conducted on the concatenated dataset of 2265 bp suggest the family Pasiphaeidae is not monophyletic, with Psathyrocaris more closely related to other carideans than to the other five pasiphaeid genera included in this analysis. Leptochela occupies a sister position to the remaining genera and is genetically quite distant from them. At the generic level, the analysis supports the monophyly of Pasiphaea, Leptochela and Psathyrocaris, while Eupasiphae is shown to be paraphyletic, closely related to Parapasiphae and Glyphus. The present molecular result strongly implies that certain morphological characters used in the present systematic delineation within Pasiphaeidae may not be synapomorphies and the classification within the family needs to be urgently revised. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
CitationLiao, Y., De Grave, S., Ho, T. W., Ip, B. H., Tsang, L. M., Chan, T.-Y., et al. (2017). Molecular phylogeny of Pasiphaeidae (crustacea, decapoda, caridea) reveals systematic incongruence of the current classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 115, 171-180.
- Protein-coding genes