Moderate-vigorous physical activity attenuates premature senescence of immune cells in sedentary adults with obesity: A pilot randomized controlled trial

Xiang-Ke CHEN, Chen ZHENG, Stephen Heung-Sang WONG, Alvin Chun-Hang MA

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Abstract

Despite the well-known senolytic effects of physical exercise on immune cells in older adults, the effect of physical activity (PA) on premature immune senescence in sedentary adults with obesity remains largely unknown. This pilot study aimed to investigate the role of objectively measured physical behaviors and Fitbit watch-based free-living PA intervention in premature senescence of immune cells in sedentary adults with obesity. Forty-five participants were recruited in the cross-sectional analysis, and forty of them further participated in the randomized controlled trial. We found that objectively measured moderate–vigorous PA was independently and inversely correlated with the expression of p16INK4a and p21Cip1 in the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMCs) of adults with obesity; however, chronological age, body mass index, body fat, maximal oxygen consumption, light PA, sedentary behaviors, and sleep duration were not. More importantly, the 12-week PA intervention mitigated the elevated p16INK4a levels in PBMCs, though it showed no effect on p21Cip1 and senescence-associated secretory phenotypes. Taken together, physical inactivity is an independent determinant of premature senescence in immune cells, while the 12-week PA intervention is a promising strategy to alleviate premature immune senescence in adults with obesity. Copyright © 2022 Chen et al.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10137-10152
JournalAging
Volume14
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Citation

Chen, X.-K., Zheng, C., Wong, S. H.-S., & Ma, A. C.-H. (2022). Moderate-vigorous physical activity attenuates premature senescence of immune cells in sedentary adults with obesity: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Aging, 14(24), 10137-10152. https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.204458

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