Mobile phone addiction and risk-taking behavior among Chinese adolescents: A moderated mediation model

Kai DOU, Lin-Xin WANG, Jianbin LI, Guo-Dong WANG, Yan-Yu LI, Yi-Ting HUANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

Abstract

Objectives: The mobile phone (MP) is an indispensable digital device in adolescents' daily lives in the contemporary era, but being addicted to MP can lead to more risk-taking behavior. However, little is known about the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relation. To address the gaps in the literature, the present study examined the idea that MP addiction is associated with reduced self-control, which further associates with increased risk-taking behavior. In addition, this study also investigated the moderation effect of adolescent sex in the association between MP addiction and self-control. Methods: A three-wave longitudinal study, each wave spanning six months apart, was conducted in a sample of Chinese adolescents (final N = 333, 57.4% girls). Results: Results of the moderated mediation model suggest that after controlling for demographic variables and baseline levels of self-control and risk-taking behavior, MP addiction at T1 positively predicted increased risk-taking behavior at T3 through reduced self-control at T2 for girls but not for boys. Conclusions: Theoretically, these findings contribute to the understanding about the working processes in the association between MP addiction and risk-taking behavior in adolescents. Practically, the results implied that boosting self-control appeared as a promising way to reduce girls' risk-taking behavior, particularly for those who are addicted to MPs. Copyright © 2020 by the authors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5472
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Citation

Dou, K., Wang, L.-X., Li, J.-B., Wang, G.-D., Li, Y.-Y., & Huang, Y.-T. (2020). Mobile phone addiction and risk-taking behavior among Chinese adolescents: A moderated mediation model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(15). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155472

Keywords

  • Mobile phone addiction
  • Risk-taking behavior
  • Self-control
  • Sex
  • Adolescents

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