Mindfulness and athlete burnout: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Chunxiao LI, Yuxin ZHU, Mengge ZHANG, Henrik GUSTAFSSON, Tao CHEN

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41 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This review aims to identify, appraise, and synthesize studies reporting the relationship between mindfulness and athlete burnout and the effects of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) on athlete burnout. Methods: Studies were identified through searching six electronic databases using combinations of three groups of keywords and manual search. Two independent reviewers screened the searched studies, extracted data of the included studies, and assessed the study quality. The extracted data were synthesized qualitatively and quantitatively. Results: Ten studies consisting of two controlled trials, six surveys, and two interview studies met the inclusion criteria. The two controlled trials had weak methodological quality, and the remaining studies were of moderate to high research quality. Results of controlled trials and interview research generally showed that MBIs had positive effects in burnout prevention. Meta-analytic results indicated a negative association between mindfulness and burnout. Conclusions: There is some evidence showing that mindfulness was negatively associated with athlete burnout. However, given the small number of interventions and qualitative studies, there is limited evidence on whether MBIs are useful in preventing athlete burnout. More studies are needed to corroborate these findings. Copyright © 2019 by the authors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number449
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019


Li, C., Zhu, Y., Zhang, M., Gustafsson, H., & Chen, T. (2019). Mindfulness and athlete burnout: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(3). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030449


  • Meditation
  • Stress
  • Emotional exhaustion
  • Sport
  • Research synthesis
  • PG student publication


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