Microbial driven iron reduction affects arsenic transformation and transportation in soil-rice system

Shengguo XUE, Xingxing JIANG, Chuan WU, William HARTLEY, Ziyan QIAN, Xinghua LUO, Wai Chin LI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The microbe-driven iron cycle plays an important role in speciation transformation and migration of arsenic (As) in soil-rice systems. In this study, pot experiments were used to investigate the effect of bacterial iron (Fe) reduction processes in soils on As speciation and migration, as well as on As uptake in soil-rice system. During the rice growth period, pH and electrical conductivity (EC) in soil solutions initially increased and then later decreased, with the ranges of 7.4–8.8 and 116.3–820 mS cm⁻¹, respectively. The concentrations of Fe, total As and As(III) showed an increasing trend in the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil solutions with the increasing time. Fe concentrations were significantly positively correlated with total As and As(III) concentrations (***p < 0.001) in the soil solutions. The abundances of the arsenate reductase gene (arsC) and the As(III) S-adenosylmethionine methyltransferase gene (arsM) in rhizosphere soils were higher than those in non-rhizosphere soils, while the abundance of the Fe-reducing bacteria (Geo) showed the opposite trend. Moreover, it showed that the Geo abundance was significantly positively correlated with that of the arsC (***p < 0.001) and arsM (**p < 0.01) genes, respectively. The abundance of Geo, arsC and arsM genes were significantly positively correlated with the concentrations of Fe, total As and As(III) in the soil solutions (*p < 0.05). Moreover, the abundances of arsC and arsM genes were significantly negatively correlated with total As and As(III) in rice grains (*P < 0.05). These results showed that the interaction of bacterial Fe reduction process and ROL from roots promoted the reduction and methylation of As, and then decreased As uptake by rice, which provided a theoretical basis for alleviating arsenic pollution in rice paddy soils. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Article number114010
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume260
Early online dateJan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Citation

Xue, S., Jiang, X., Wu, C., Hartley, W., Qian, Z., Luo, X., & Li, W. (2020). Microbial driven iron reduction affects arsenic transformation and transportation in soil-rice system. Environmental Pollution, 260. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114010

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Iron reduction
  • Speciation
  • Gene abundance
  • Rice

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