Metal mobilization and production of short-chain organic acids by rhizosphere bacteria associated with a Cd/Zn hyperaccumulating plant, Sedum alfredii

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Abstract

Sedum alfredii, a cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) hyperaccumulator at a mine located in Qu Zhou City, Zhejiang Province, China, can accumulate Cd and Zn exceeding 1,000 and 10,000 mg kg -1, respectively in its shoot (dry weight) when growing under metal-contaminated habitats. Several strains of bacteria were isolated from the rhizosphere of S. alfredii thriving in different Pb/Zn mines in Hunan Province and Zhejiang Province, China, which can resist high levels of heavy metals. Among the different strains isolated, Burkholderia cepacia showed the highest ability in mobilizing Cd and Zn as well as resisting high concentrations of soluble Zn (500 mg L -1). The soluble Zn concentration in the medium increased from 13 to 72 and 99% (p < 0.001) after bacterial inoculation in the medium supplemented with insoluble zinc oxide and zinc carbonate, respectively, while pH dropped from 7 to 2.93. The soluble Cd concentration was also increased from 8 to 96% (p < 0.001), and pH decreased from 7 to 2. 65. Short-chain organic acids were also analyzed and the results indicated that oxalic acid, tartaric acid, formic acid and acetic acid had a significant correlation (p < 0. 001) with the concentrations of Cd and Zn being mobilized during the assay. The present results implicated that certain bacteria associated with metal hyperaccumulators could contribute significantly in mobilizing heavy metals, which would enhance the phytoextraction process. Copyright © Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-467
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume326
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Citation

Li, W. C., Ye, Z. H. and Wong, M. H. (2010). Metal mobilization and production of short-chain organic acids by rhizosphere bacteria associated with a Cd/Zn hyperaccumulating plant, Sedum alfredii. Plant and Soil, 326(1-2), 453-467. doi: 10.1007/s11104-009-0025-y

Keywords

  • Hyperaccumulating plant
  • Burkholderia cepacia
  • Metal tolerant bacteria
  • Phytoextraction