Red groupers (Epinephelus akaara Temminck & Schlegel) and black sea breams (Mylio macrocephalus Basilewsky) were transferred from 30‰ into 3, 7, 12, 20, and 30‰ salinity. Fish were sampled at 0, 6, 24, 96, 168 and 336h after transfer. Serum osmolality, glucose, protein, Na+, K+, Ca2+, liver glycogen, liver protein, muscle water and haematocrit were determined. In general, transient disturbances in these variables were observed after transfer. For both species, no tissue hydration was observed upon acclimation to different salinities, whereas a progressive increase in haematocrit value was found as salinity decreased. Liver glycogen of both species, however, was higher in hypo-osmotic salinities. Serum Na+ of the red groupers declined upon acclimation to 7‰ salinity but the opposite was found for the black sea breams. The results indicate that both species are extremely euryhaline, and physiological stress is unlikely to occur within the salinity regime of 7 to 30‰ Comparatively, the black sea bream appears to be a more efficient osmoregulator. Copyright © 1982 Published by Elsevier B.V.
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology|
|Publication status||Published - 26 Nov 1982|